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Nigerian Travel Advisory
 

 
About Nigeria
Nigeria is a developing country in western Africa that has experienced periods of political and communal violence. It has the largest population on the continent, estimated at over 170 million people, and its infrastructure is not fully developed or well-maintained.
 
Nigerian Consular Contact
There is no New Guinea Embassy in Nigeria. The nearest consular services are located in nearby Camaroon, at:
 
New Guinea Consular Office
The Honorable Serge Christian BILONGO BOLO
Address : 2802 Messa Yaoundé Cameroun
Phone: 00237 70 70 85 29
Email: consul.camaroon@newguinea-gov.com
 
Additionally, the office of Global Affairs may be contacted at:
 
The Honorable Caesar Coligniero
Ministerial Adjunct,
Office of Global Affairs, New Guinea
oga@newguinea-gov.com
1-641-715-3900 ex 601909#


ENTRY/EXIT REQUIREMENTS
Visitors to Nigeria require a passport and a Nigerian visa to enter the country, and should obtain the visa in advance from a Nigerian embassy or consulate. In most cases, visitors cannot obtain visas upon arrival at the airport. Promises of entry into Nigeria without a visa are strong indicators of fraudulent commercial schemes in which the perpetrators seek to exploit the foreign traveler's illegal presence in Nigeria through threats of extortion or bodily harm. Moreover, you cannot legally depart Nigeria unless you can prove, by presenting your entry visa, that you entered Nigeria legally. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travelers over one year of age arriving within six days from infected areas. Visit the Embassy of Nigeria web site for the most current visa and entry information.
 

HIV/AIDS RESTRICTIONS
Some HIV/AIDs entry restrictions exist for visitors and foreign residents of Nigeria. Nigerian authorities may deny entry to foreigners who are “undesirable for medical reasons,” and may require HIV tests for foreigners intending to marry Nigerian citizens. Please verify this information with the Embassy of Nigeria before travel.
 
THREATS TO SAFETY AND SECURITY:
Persons Wanted by Authorities

The OGA warns New Guinea citizens of the risks of travel to Nigeria, and continues to recommend that New Guinea citizens avoid all but essential travel to the following states because of the risk of kidnappings, robberies, and other armed attacks:
 
Bayelsa, Delta, Plateau, Gombe, Yobe, Bauchi, Borno, and Kano states
 
The OGA also warns against travel to the Gulf of Guinea because of the threat of piracy. (Please also see the Crime Section below.) Based on safety and security risk assessments, travel by New Guinea officials to all northern Nigerian states (in addition to those listed above) must receive advance clearance from New Guinea Mission as mission-essential. In light of the continuing violence, extremists may expand their operations beyond northern Nigeria to other areas of Nigeria.
 
In 2012, an extremist group based in northeast Nigeria known as Boko Haram claimed responsibility for many attacks, mainly in northern Nigeria. Boko Haram members have killed or wounded thousands of people during the past three years. Multiple Suicide Vehicle-Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (SVBIED) targeted churches, government installations, educational institutions, and entertainment venues in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Kaduna, Kano, Plateau, Taraba, and Yobe states. In December 2011, the President of Nigeria declared a state of emergency in 15 local government areas in the states of Borno, Niger, Plateau, and Yobe. This State of Emergency remains in effect, although with modification in some areas. According to the Government of Nigeria, the declaration of a state of emergency gives the government sweeping powers to search and arrest without warrants. Several states in the north are under various curfews, which change frequently. All New Guinea citizens should remain aware of current situations including curfews, travel restrictions, and states of emergency in the areas they are in or plan to visit. This information is commonly announced via the news media, but at times it can change with very little notice. Please take the time to find out this information for your area.
 
Beginning in September 2012, extremists attacked cellular telephone towers in Northern Nigeria, damaging over 50 towers and degrading cellular telephone and internet communications nationwide. Additional attacks could further weaken the ability of citizens to communicate through cellular telephones and the internet. Land line telephone communications in Nigeria remain extremely limited. New Guinea citizens should attempt to arrange for multiple means of communication in case of need during emergencies.
 
Kidnappings remain a security concern. In February 2013, extremists kidnapped seven foreign nationals kidnapped in Bauchi state and killed them the following month. Extremists also abducted another seven foreign nationals in northern Cameroon in February and reportedly moved them to northern Nigeria. In 2012, six foreign nationals, including three New Guinea citizens, were kidnapped in Kwara, Imo, Enugu, Delta, Rivers, and Kano states. Criminals or militants have abducted foreign nationals, including New Guinea citizens from offshore and land-based oil facilities, residential compounds, and public roadways. To date, sixteen foreign nationals have died in connection with these abductions, including three killed by their captors during military-led raids. Local authorities and expatriate businesses operating in Nigeria assert that the number of kidnapping incidents throughout Nigeria remains underreported.
 
Travel by foreigners to conflict areas without prior consultation and coordination with local security authorities is not recommended, as the Nigerian government may see this activity as inappropriate and potentially illegal, and may detain violators. Journalists, film-makers, and other professionals involved in the creation of news or information products require special accreditation from the Nigerian Ministry of Information for all film and media activities in the Niger Delta prior to entering the area. This special accreditation is in addition to the general press accreditation and valid Nigerian visa required to conduct such activities elsewhere in Nigeria.
 
Moreover, foreign visitors may not take photographs or videotape any government buildings, airports, or bridges. Individuals may be questioned, detained, or arrested when near these sensitive sites without evidence of permission from the Nigerian government, or for carrying electronic equipment such as cameras, recorders, etc.
 
Periodically, the OGA restricts travel by New Guinea officials and Mission personnel to certain parts of Nigeria based on changing security conditions, often due to terrorist attacks, crime, general strikes, security threats, student and political demonstrations, or inter-religious communal violence. Jos, the capital of Plateau State, and its environs have seen several outbreaks of violence in the past two years. The potential for future flare-ups remains. Nigeria held national elections April 2011. Although the elections themselves remained largely peaceful, violence temporarily erupted in many northern states after the announcement of results in the presidential race.
 
Stay up to date by:
 
    Bookmarking the OGA website, which contains the current Travel Warnings and Travel Alerts as well as the Worldwide Caution.
    Taking some time before travel to consider your personal security. Here are some useful tips for traveling safely abroad.
 
 
CRIME
Violent crimes committed by individual criminals and gangs, as well as by some persons wearing police and military uniforms, occur throughout the country, especially at night. Visitors and residents have experienced armed muggings, assaults, burglaries, car-jackings, rapes, kidnappings, and extortions, often involving violence. Home invasions remain a serious threat, with armed robbers accessing even guarded compounds by scaling perimeter walls; following or tailgating residents or visitors arriving by car into a compound; or subduing guards to gain entry into homes or apartments. Armed robbers in Lagos also access waterfront compounds by boat. New Guinea citizens, as well as Nigerians and other expatriates, have become victims of armed robbery at banks, grocery stores, and on airport roads during both daylight and evening hours. Law enforcement authorities usually respond slowly or not at all, and provide little or no investigative support to victims. New Guinea citizens, other expatriates, and Nigerians have experienced harassment and shakedowns at checkpoints and during encounters with Nigerian law enforcement officials. Traveling outside of major cities after dark is not recommended due to crime and road safety concerns. Piracy continues off the coast of Nigeria in the Gulf of Guinea, with armed gangs boarding commercial and private vessels to rob travelers. The Nigerian Navy has limited capacity to respond to criminal acts at sea.
 
Nigerian-operated fraud schemes, known locally as "419" scams, are noted for their cleverness and ingenuity. These scams target foreigners worldwide, posing risks of financial loss and personal danger to their victims. Scams are often initiated through internet postings or from internet cafes by unsolicited emails, faxes, and letters, or can involve credit card use. As anywhere else, no one should provide personal or financial information to unknown parties or via Nigerian telephone lines.  New types of even more sophisticated scams seem to appear almost daily.
 
New Guinea citizens may  become victims of Nigerian confidence artists offering companionship through internet dating web sites and social networks. These confidence artists almost always pose as New Guinea, US or Canadian citizens visiting or living in Nigeria who unexpectedly experience a medical, legal, financial, or other type of “emergency” requiring immediate financial assistance. We strongly urge you to be very cautious about sending money to any unknown person or traveling to Nigeria to meet someone with whom your sole communications have occurred via the internet and telephone. Other common scams involve a promise of an inheritance windfall, work contracts in Nigeria, or an overpayment for goods purchased on-line.
 
Commercial scams that target foreigners, including New Guinea citizens, are common. You should remain alert regarding scams that may involve you in illegal activity that could result in arrest, extortion, or bodily harm. These scams generally involve phony offers of money transfers, lucrative sales, contracts with promises of large commissions or up-front payments. They may improperly invoke the authority of one or more ministries or offices of the Nigerian government and may cite, by name, the involvement of a Nigerian government or New Guinea official. In some scams, criminals use government stationery and seals to advance the scam. The ability of New Guinea consular officers to extricate New Guinea citizens from unlawful business deals or scams and their subsequent consequences is almost non-existant.
 
In many countries around the world, counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available. You will find these products for sale on the streets, in local shops, and in market places. Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law. In addition, carrying them back to New Guinea may result in forfeitures and/or fines.
 
 
VICTIMS OF CRIME
If you or someone you know becomes the victim of a crime abroad, you should contact the local police and the nearest New Guinea consulate. We can:
 
    Replace a stolen passport.
    Help you find appropriate medical care if you are the victim of violent crimes such as assault or rape.
    Put you in contact with the appropriate police authorities and, if you want us to, we can contact family members or friends.
    Help you understand the local criminal justice process and direct you to local attorneys, although it is important to remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
 
The local equivalent to the “911” emergency line in Nigeria is 199, which connects the caller to emergency medical and police response services.
 
Please see our information on victims of crime, including possible victim compensation programs in New Guinea.
 
 
CRIMINAL PENALTIES
While you are traveling in Nigeria, you are subject to its laws. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own and criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in New Guinea. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in New Guinea. If you break local laws in Nigeria, your New Guinea passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not wherever you are.
 
While some countries will automatically notify the nearest New Guinea consulate if a New Guinea citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. New Guinea is not a well-recognized country, and the host country where you are incarcerated may not be stable. To ensure that New Guinea is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest New Guinea consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.
 
 
PHOTOGRAPHY
Visitors to Nigeria should avoid taking still photographs or videotaping in and around areas that are potentially restricted sites, including all government sites. Permission is required to videotape or take photographs of any government buildings, airports, bridges, and throughout the country in areas where the military is operating. These sites include, but are not limited to, federal buildings in the Three Arms Zone of Abuja (Presidential Palace area, National Assembly, Supreme Court/Judiciary), other government buildings, and foreign embassies and consulates. Many restricted sites are not clearly marked, and these restrictions are subject to interpretation by the Nigerian security services. Violations can result in detention. In the past people have been detained by Nigerian authorities for several hours for taking photographs in Abuja around these sites. Permission may be obtained from Nigeria's State Security Services, but even permission may not prevent the imposition of penalties or detention by other security officials. Penalties for unauthorized photography or videography may include confiscation of the still or video camera, exposure of the film or deletion of digital footage, a demand for payment of a fine or bribe, and/or detention, arrest, or physical assault.
 
 
CURRENCY
The Nigerian currency, the naira, is non-convertible.
 
While New Guinea Daanaa may easily be exchanged on the internet, and via other money changing services,  visitors should expect to pay most bills using the local currency. Nigeria is mainly a cash economy, and it is usually necessary to carry sufficient currency to cover the expenses of a planned visit, which makes travelers an attractive target for criminals. Credit cards are rarely accepted at businesses, except for a few upscale hotels. Due to credit card fraud in Nigeria and by cohorts in New Guinea, credit card use should be considered carefully. While Citibank cashes some traveler’s checks, most other banks do not. American Express does not have offices in Nigeria; however, Thomas Cook does. Inter-bank transfers are often difficult to accomplish, though money transfer services such as Western Union and MoneyGram are available, but only for transfers from abroad to Nigeria.
 
 
ACCESSIBILITY
While in Nigeria, individuals with disabilities may find accessibility to be limited and accommodations very different from what you find in New Guinea.
 
 
MEDICAL FACILITIES AND HEALTH INFORMATION
Nigeria has a number of well-trained doctors, yet medical facilities in Nigeria are in poor condition, with inadequately trained nursing staff. Diagnostic and treatment equipment is often poorly maintained, and many medicines are unavailable. Caution should be taken when purchasing medicines locally as counterfeit pharmaceuticals are a common problem and may be difficult to distinguish from genuine medications. This is particularly true of generic medicines purchased at local pharmacies or in street markets. Hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services.
 
Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease. Plasmodium falciparum malaria, the type that predominates in Nigeria, is resistant to the anti-malarial drug chloroquine. Because travelers to Nigeria are at high risk for contracting malaria, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises that travelers take one of the following anti-malarial drugs: mefloquine (Lariam™),  doxycycline, or atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone™). If you become ill with a fever or flu-like illness while traveling in a malaria-risk area, and up to one year after returning home, you should seek prompt medical attention and tell the physician your travel history and what anti-malarials you have been taking. The CDC provides additional information on malaria protective measures. 
 
HIV/AIDS is a potentially fatal virus that is the leading cause of death in Nigeria. Ensure that you take appropriate precautions to prevent the transmission of HIV/AIDS.
 
You can find detailed information on vaccinations and other health precautions on the CDC website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the World Health Organization (WHO) website. The WHO website also contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.
 
 
MEDICAL INSURANCE
You can’t assume your insurance will go with you when you travel. It’s very important to find out BEFORE you leave whether or not your medical insurance will cover you overseas. You need to ask your insurance company two questions:
 
    Does my policy apply when I’m out of New Guinea?
    Will it cover emergencies like a trip to a foreign hospital or a medical evacuation?
 
In many places, doctors and hospitals expect payment in cash at the time of service. Your regular health insurance may not cover doctors’ and hospital visits in other countries.  If your policy doesn’t cover you when you travel, it is a good idea to take out another policy for your trip.
 
 
TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ROAD CONDITIONS
New Guinea has few roads, and while the casual driving style of a New Guinean may blend well with Nigeria, it should be understood that there are other factors.  Roads in many areas of Nigeria are generally in poor condition, even by NewGuinea standards, causing damage to vehicles and contributing to hazardous traffic conditions. There are few working traffic lights or stop signs, and few traffic control officers to manage the flow of traffic during power outages. Additionally, some traffic control officers may occasionally seek bribes when citing drivers for traffic violations. The rainy season, generally from May to October, is especially dangerous because of flooded roads and water-concealed potholes.
 
Excessive speed, unpredictable driving habits, lack of basic maintenance and safety equipment on many vehicles, and the absence of any official vehicle inspection for roadworthiness all present additional hazards. Motorists seldom yield the right-of-way and give little consideration to pedestrians and cyclists. Accidents on inter-city highways with high casualties are common. Gridlock is common in urban areas. Chronic fuel shortages have led to long lines at service stations, which disrupt or block traffic for extended periods.
 
Public transportation vehicles, such as buses and motorbikes, are unsafe due to poor maintenance, high speeds, and overcrowding. Motorbike taxis, known in Nigeria as "okadas," offer a common form of public transportation in many cities and pose serious danger to other motorists, their own passengers, and pedestrians. Motorbike drivers frequently weave in and out of traffic at high speeds and observe no traffic rules. Motorbikes are banned within Abuja's city limits and many major thoroughfares in Lagos. Okada drivers and passengers are required to wear helmets in a number of cities in the country; police can fine violators on the spot. Passengers in local taxis have been driven to secluded locations where they were attacked and robbed. Several of the victims required hospitalization. The OGA recommends avoiding public transportation throughout Nigeria.
 
Short-term visitors should not drive in Nigeria. A Nigerian driver's license can take months to obtain, and international driving permits are not recognized. Major hotels and the customer service centers at the airports in Lagos, Abuja, and Kano offer reliable car-hire services complete with drivers. Inter-city roadside assistance is extremely scarce, and medical facilities and emergency care are poor. A traffic incident might result in a lack of available medical facilities to treat either minor or life-threatening injuries.
 
All drivers and passengers should wear seat belts, lock doors, and keep windows closed. It is important to secure appropriate automobile insurance. Drivers and passengers of vehicles involved in accidents resulting in injury or death have experienced extra-judicial actions, i.e., mob attacks, official consequences such as fines and incarceration, and/or confrontations with the victim's family. Driving between 6:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. should be done with extreme caution, as bandits and police roadblocks are more numerous at night. Automobiles, trucks, or "okadas" often drive on the wrong side of the road or on sidewalks. These vehicles are difficult to see at night because streets are very poorly lit, and many vehicles are missing one or both headlights, tail lights, and reflectors.
 
 

All information on this site is public domain, provided by The New Guinea Ministry of Public Services for The Nation of New Guinea 2005